What is the minimum visibility required for a student pilot operating in the airport traffic pattern while in Class G airspace during the daytime?
While the basic VFR weather minimums outlined in § 91.155 specify a minimum flight visibility of 1 statute mile and clear of clouds when 1,200 feet or less above the surface (AGL) in the daytime, the general student pilot limitations of § 61.89 do not permit student pilots to operate with less than 3 miles of flight or surface visibility during daylight hours (5 miles at night); therefore, the answer is 3 miles.
The fact that the student pilot is flying in the traffic pattern is irrelevant in this context; however, for certified pilots, there is an exception to basic VFR weather minimums in Class G airspace that allows a pilot to operate with a minimum of 1 mile of flight visibility in Class G airspace at night as long as the airplane remains within ½ mile of the runway. The standard basic VFR weather minimums at night in Class G airspace are 1 mile of flight visibility, 500 feet below, 1,000 feet above and 2,000 feet horizontally from clouds when below 1,200 AGL.
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